Tentative title of the book:
The Rohingya Exodus: Protracted Conflict, Refuge, and Global-Local Peacebuilding Avenues
It addresses a set of core questions about this crisis with global-regional significance:
· What is the nature of the conflict? Is it religiously motivated and who are the main actors and their objectives?
· Who are the Rohingyas? What are the main issues related to their identity and why did they end up stateless?
· How did inter-ethnic and inter-faith group relationships exist in the past and why did they deteriorate recently? What are the main factors that have driven inter-group animosity?
· Was it a genocide or ethnic cleansing? Is external intervention to stop genocide realistic?
· What are the environmental and ecological impacts of the Rohingya refuge in Bangladesh?
· What are the impacts of the mass displacement of the Rohingyas in general and women and children in particular?
· What are the perceptions of the stranded Rohingya refugees about their desired livelihood, and the best means and ways toward safe and secure repatriation?
· What are the regional and global security ramifications of the displacement?
· What are the roles of international communities as well as government and non-government organizations in managing the conflict?
· What is the role of the Rohingya Diaspora and their experience of exodus?
Rohingyas Female Adolescent-centred Non-formal Education: An Exploratory Study
What kind of non-formal education is best suited for the needs of adolescent Rohingya females in the camps?
1. To explore the educational needs of the female adolescent Rohingyas in the camp.
2. What kind of non-formal educational model is best suited to meet the needs.
Environmental Impacts of Rohingya Crisis: An Assessment of Perceptions Amongst the Host Community after Two Years of the Exodus
What are the major environmental impacts of the crisis and how the host community is dealing with these impacts?
1. Perception mapping of the host community about environmental impacts.
2. Assessing how much of it contributing towards hostility towards the Rohingyas.
3. Finding out what preventative measures are being taken to minimize the impacts.
4. Exploring what is the long-term effect of the crisis on the environment changing host-refugee dynamics.
1. Is it a ‘conflict’ or ‘crisis’? Based on some participants intriguing question, a discussion took place whether it is justifiable to treat the issue as a one sided ‘atrocity’ versus a ‘conflict’ which denotes when two parties (perceived to be equal/less in power) are engaged in a dispute. 2. The Myanmar authority denies the Rohingyas as a distinct ethnocultural-linguistic group in Rakhine state. This state narrative—the pretext—led to expulsion and statelessness of the Rohingya people. The Rohingya problem is unique as they are non-citizens—denied of civic entitlement in Myanmar. Nonetheless, ‘ethnic identity’ can never be the justification for persecution. 3. Rohingyas sheltered in Bangladesh on or after 25 August 2017 are not recognized as refugees rather, they are termed ‘Internally Displaced Myanmar Nationals (IDMN); although, under the international legal framework, Rohingyas in Bangladesh are both refugees and stateless. Bangladesh is not a signatory to the Refugee Convention of 1951 and two Statelessness Conventions (989 U.N.T.S. 175, 1961). This has nulled legal status of the Rohingya in Bangladesh as well. Consequently, the United Nations’ High Commission for Refugees (UNHCR) have only passive or secondary jurisdiction to serve the Rohingya IDMNs in Bangladesh (although it is learned that UNHCR is trying to sign an MOU with Bangladesh). According to the UN definition, any forcibly displaced people can be considered as ‘refugee’ and the international communities have obligations to this end. The Rohingyas should rather be considered more entitled because they are not only ‘refugees’ but also ‘stateless’ and ‘stripped off travel document retention rights’. 4. With reference to Canada’s lead role in ending apartheid in South Asia in the past, panel discussions asserted their confidence on Honorable Bob Rae’s —the Prime Minister’s Special Envoy to Myanmar and Bangladesh—proposition for Canada in taking the lead role in Rohingya conflict resolution. 5. One of the most important recommendations of Honorable Bob Rae is to ‘make the Rohingya voices heard’. The dialogue also yielded the recommendation that the paramount question to devise short, medium and long-term conflict resolution strategies should be centered around ‘what the Rohingyas want for themselves?’ The essential means advocated is— extensive outreach involving representatives of the Rohingya Diaspora groups and activists spread over numerous countries in the world along with dialoguing with them in the Bangladesh camps. 6. CRRIC intends to hold an extended international dialogue on Rohingya Conflict in September 2018. 7. CRRIC is pleased to share with stakeholders the content of its ongoing in-depth research project to be published by the Lexington Books, USA as a policy and strategy literature for global readers, policy planner, and conflict resolution strategists. The book will be published in the summer of 2019.
CRRIC wishes to thank Arthur V. Mauro Center for Peace and Justice to host the event. CRRIC also acknowledges the contribution of philanthropist Mr. Abdo (Albert) El Tassi, C.M., O.M., LL.D, Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada to patronize the event.
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